Injustice in FIFA World Cup Qualifying: Is it really a “World” Cup?
There is an argument to say that the qualification process for the FIFA World Cup is not fair for all nations involved and in fact indicates a strong bias towards both the European and American continents.
CAF & UEFA
Even though there is exactly the same number of countries qualifying, CAF has less than half the places allocated as UEFA. This makes no sense. While Africa has to go through 3 rounds of qualifying, with only the winners in the final round progressing, Europe gets to have a play-off between 8 of the nine second placed countries in the qualifying groups. Why? What is the reason that these countries get a last gasp chance to qualify for what can only be deemed as fluff places designed to make up the numbers.
The point of the World Cup is for each continent to put on display the BEST they have to offer. This is true in the case of Europe and then some. The top seeds in Europe are typically the traditional “big boys of football” with each being considered favourites almost every time.
France, Italy, Germany, England, Spain, Netherlands, are countries that can be said to be the best UEFA has to offer, with few exceptions. Rarely are there ever any shocks regarding European qualification for the World Cup. (Between Spain, Germany, England and Netherlands, there was only one loss in qualifying for 2010).
In Africa however, one or more of the continents “best” possible representatives misses out simply due to the lack of space. In 2010, Egypt, who had won the African Cup of Nations 3 times in a row (record), 7 in total (record), and were ranked 12th in the world missed out in a play-off to Algeria. Senegal, who once reached the quarter-finals missed out, as well as traditional powers Tunisia (4 appearances) and Morocco (4 appearances). African football can never have all its best representatives (Egypt, Cameroon, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Ghana, and Senegal) present – all teams that you can say have just as much chance as the others of doing well in a World Cup. By contrast, Europe seems to enjoy allowing its “second tier” countries the chance of participating alongside its best.
South & North America
Half the countries in South America can qualify for the World Cup. While with all due respect to many Central American and Caribbean countries, the North American qualification process basically becomes a competition for third and fourth place behind the USA and Mexico. While both are exceptional teams, their qualifying process is ridiculously simple, and skews the perception of their constant qualification for World Cups.
OFC & AFC
The OFC only gets a place dependent on a play-off. Perhaps it would be better for these 10 countries to join the AFC in the qualification process. This would create a zone of 53 teams, the same as UEFA and CAF, and as such should also be given 8 places to qualify instead of the combined 5.
Let’s just look at a few more numbers to argue that representation of World Cup places fails to reflect the competition within each confederation.
Only nine countries have won the European Championships, three of them being multiple winners, representing 17% of the member associations. Compare that with 14 countries who have won the African Cup of Nations that represent 26% of the confederation. Now when it comes to places given to each continental group for the World Cup, the numbers just jump in opposite directions. UEFA is allocated 41% of World Cup places and thus are ensured that 1 in 4 European nations will make it. Africa’s numbers correspond to 16% of entries to the show piece event, allowing approximately 1 in 10 countries the chance of attending. The story is similar for the AFC (Asia) and CONCACAF (North America), each seeing about 10% of their member nations a chance for places to the World Cup. The extremes though go to CONMEBOL (South America) with 55% and OFC (Oceania) with 5%.
The way these numbers work, when the groups for the World Cup are drawn, five of the eight groups will contain two European countries. It seems this “World” Cup is more a continued showing of European colonialism.
Some would argue that Europe deserves its allocation based on the performance of European nations in previous World Cups. These people tend to forget that for the most part of the 20th century, many African countries were not independent nations. CAF was founded in 1957 with only four nations. And the first 8 World Cups only saw one instance of African participation (Egypt, 1938). So if Europe started with such an advantage, how can football in other confederations, especially those less developed, expect to improve if they are locked out from the exposure of a World Cup?
Let’s not forget the financial reward brought on by being part of a World Cup. In 2010 each country was given $1 million just for participating, and those leaving the tournament after the group stage would take home an extra $8 million. For some of those “second seed” European nations that’s hardly going to have an impact on their accounts, yet to many other nations around the world that sum is a true game changer.
So what can be done then to try and correct the injustice brought about by World Cup placing?
In its current format the FIFA World Cup sees 32 teams divided into 8 groups of 4. The ideal scenario then would be to have 4 qualifying zones with equal representation, thus ensuring there would be no double-ups in any single group. However currently there are 6 confederations in world football. UEFA and CAF each have a near identical number of member associations, 54 and 53 respectively. If we combine the AFC and OFC just for World Cup Qualification this union would also create a qualifying group of 53 nations. It would also not be unprecedented as between 1966 and 1982 Oceania would join the Asian zone for qualifying. Next would be to combine CONCACAF and CONMEBOL for a grouping of 45 countries.
These four qualifying zones would each be allocated 8 places. Levels of competition would increase as with the exception of Europe, every confederation increases the opportunities for their member nations to participate in the “World” Cup.
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